History of the Colosseum
The Colosseum is located in the center of Rome, Italy and dates back to AD 70-80. It is the largest amphitheater ever built by the Roman Empire and is considered one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and engineering. Considered a symbol of the city, the Colosseum or Flavian Amphitheatre as it was called was used to entertain spectators with gladiatorial contests, theater performances, animal contests and public spectacles such as executions. It is estimated that up to 80,000 people could be seated in the stone tiers of the Colosseum and the rows of arches were originally decorated with marble, columns and statues.
Architecture of the Colosseum
The Colosseum is an oval structure made up of four levels of arches and vaulted galleries surrounded by a double wall. The walls are made from blocks of travertine stone held together by metal clamps and held in place with large tufa concrete foundations. The structure was also divided into three aisles with larger aisles on the lower levels and smaller aisles on top. A huge retractable awning was originally built to protect viewers from the hot sun and rain.
The Exterior Design of the Colosseum
The exterior of the Colosseum is quite detailed and impressive. It is decorated with eighty entrance arches divided into three levels, eight main monumental doors and niches it has a power of longevity and is still standing today. Originally, the travertine slabs that make up the exterior walls were decorated with reliefs, inscriptions and statues. The building was further ornamented with bronze shields placed between the arches on each story.
Location of the Colosseum and Trevi Fountain
The Colosseum is located in the center of Rome, near the Imperial Forum and Capitoline Hill. It is situated near the Roman Trajan’s Market, Temple of Venus and Roma and the Arch of Constantine. The Trevi Fountain is located in the Trevi district of Rome and is the largest Baroque fountain in the city. It is situated at the junction of three streets and is the end point of the Acqua Virgine, one of the city’s ancient aqueducts.
Modern Uses of the Colosseum and Trevi Fountain
The Colosseum is still in use today as a popular tourist attraction and a reminder of the city’s glorious past. It is one of the most visited sites in Rome and is featured in countless movies, TV shows and documentaries. The Trevi Fountain is also a popular tourist destination and the site of the Annual Trevi Fountain Festival. It is estimated that thousands of visitors come to the fountain to toss coins into the pool to ensure their return to Rome.
Conservation of the Colosseum and Trevi Fountain
Due to their age, both the Colosseum and the Trevi Fountain have been affected by weathering, wear and tear and pollution. To preserve these iconic sites, the Italian government has instigated several projects to conserve the buildings. In recent years, the Colosseum has benefitted from a major restoration project, cleaning and covering its charred walls with a protective white render to keep it safe from further wear and tear. The Trevi Fountain has also undergone regular cleaning, conservation and maintenance work over the years and is now considered to be one of the most spectacular sights in Rome.
Impact of Visiting the Colosseum and Trevi Fountain
Visiting the Colosseum and Trevi Fountain can be a wonderful and unforgettable experience. Not only do these iconic sites provide the opportunity to explore and appreciate ancient architecture, but it also gives visitors the rare opportunity to get a glimpse into the lives and culture of the ancient Romans. For many people, visiting the Colosseum and Trevi Fountain is a once in a lifetime experience, a chance to appreciate history and culture first hand and to gain a greater appreciation and understanding of this amazing city.
The Economic Benefits of the Colosseum and Trevi Fountain for Rome
The Colosseum and Trevi Fountain are some of the most iconic and popular attractions in Rome, bringing millions of tourists to the city each year. This influx of people helps to boost the local economy with many businesses benefiting from the additional money spent by tourists. Additionally, the money spent on conservation, maintenance and repairs of the sites also helps to create jobs, thus providing an important economic benefit to the local community.
Popular Culture & Impact of the Colosseum and Trevi Fountain
The Colosseum and Trevi Fountain have featured in countless films, books, artworks and popular culture, boosting their profile across the world. These appearances have helped to make these sites even more popular and have created an interest in the rich history and culture of the city. Additionally, their involvement in popular culture has helped to bring more visitors to the city, further boosting the economy.
Controversy Surrounding the Colosseum and Trevi Fountain
The Colosseum and Trevi Fountain have been subject to much controversy over the years. Many people have critiqued their questionable past and used by the Roman Empire as a venue for gladiatorial combat. Additionally, some critics have questioned the need to maintain them, arguing that the money could be better spent elsewhere. On the other hand, the sites are integral parts of the city’s history and identity and are seen by many as a symbol of Rome’s grandeur and rich culture.
Legacy of the Colosseum and Trevi Fountain
Since their creation, the Colosseum and Trevi Fountain have come to signify the grandeur and history of the city. These iconic sites are embedded in the collective memory of Rome and have become significant landmarks for visitors. Although they may have been subject to controversy, they remain beloved by locals and tourists alike, representing the city’s rich history and culture.