How High is Mt. Kilimanjaro
Mt. Kilimanjaro, located in the northeast of Tanzania, is currently the highest mountain in Africa. Its three volcanic peaks reach 19,341 feet (5,895 meters) making it one of the Seven Summits, the highest mountain of each continent. Not only is Kilimanjaro the fourth highest peak on the planet, it was also the first peak in Africa.
Kilimanjaro once had a much greater elevation; however, well over 11,000 years ago, it tripled in height before its volcanic activity slowly came to a halt. The various volcanic activities created the three peaks of Kibo (the highest), Mawenzi, and Shira.
The mountain stands alone in a region of savannah. This makes it all the more impressive as visitors can get a true sense of the immense scale of Kilimanjaro. The mountain also acts as a natural border between Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda.
In terms of both its height and its great geological significance, Mt. Kilimanjaro has attracted a large number of climbers over the past years. The three different volcanic peaks provide varying degrees of challenge and therefore appeal to a range of adventurers. Kibo, the highest peak of Kilimanjaro, is the most popular and the easiest to climb. However, even that requires physical and mental strength in order to tackle the 5,895 meter high summit. The snowy glacier of Kibo is a major draw for hikers and the reward for their effort is a spectacular view of the peaks, plains and valleys from the summit. It is a once in a lifetime experience.
Where is Mt. Kilimanjaro Located on the Map
Mt. Kilimanjaro is located on the continent of Africa and lies in the northeast of the country of Tanzania. Its coordinates are latitude three degrees south and longitude thirty seven degrees east. The mountain is located on the border of Kilimanjaro region, the Arusha region, and the Manyara region of Tanzania.The mountain is very easy to locate on the map of Africa.
The mountain itself is quite vast and very visible on satellite imagery. It stands out as a result of its immense height. One can clearly see the snowy glacier of Kibo peak and the whole mountain range that makes up the mountain. The region surrounding the mountain is mainly dry and flat, and it provides an interesting contrast to the dramatic peaks of Kilimanjaro.
The terrain of the mountain and its surrounding area varies from one region to another. The western part of Kilimanjaro is mainly dense rainforest, while the northern and eastern parts are mainly dry and rocky. The temperatures and climate in the region change drastically depending on the altitude. The higher the altitude, the more extreme the weather becomes. For example, the mountain’s peak reach temperatures of -7 Celsius during the winter months, while the base of the mountain can reach up to 30 Celsius during the warmer months.
Ecosystem of Mt. Kilimanjaro
Mt Kilimanjaro, apart from being an astonishingly beautiful site, is also a huge reserve of biodiversity. The western side of Kilimanjaro holds some of the last remaining montane forests in the world, which provide shelter to an abundance of flora and fauna. The lower area is mainly covered by these evergreen forests which then thins out to high-altitude grasslands at altitudes of 2,700 to 4,000 meters. The higher area is mostly alpine tundra.
The high altitude tundra habitats of Kilimanjaro act as a refuge for several rare bird species, such as the Erckel’s Francolin, the Tamota Sparrow and the Alpine Chat. On the mountain, one might also run across several species of mammal like the African buffalo, African civet, leopard and the endangered Abbott’s duiker.
The montane forests are home to several species of animals such as the black and white colobus monkey and some unique species of birds like the mountain yellow warbler. These forests also house some rare and endemic species of plants and trees. Due to the increasing human settlements that encircle the mountain, much of the forests now face the danger of deforestation and habitat destruction.
Threats to Mt. Kilimanjaro
Mt. Kilimanjaro is under threat from both anthropogenic (man-made) and natural sources. The most alarming anthropogenic threat is the increasing levels of deforestation in the region. Deforestation has caused a loss of habitat for numerous species and an increase in soil erosion. Uncontrolled logging has led to soil degradation and reduced fertility of the soil. This has caused an overall decrease in soil productivity, leading to reduced water availability and a decrease in vegetation.
Climate change represents another major threat to Kilimanjaro. Due to global warming, the mountain glaciers are melting at an alarming rate, leading to a decrease in water availability for the surrounding villagers. The melting glaciers and the subsequent water runoff can lead to increased erosion of the mountain’s slopes. Kilimanjaro is also a popular tourist destination, with thousands of visitors making their way up the mountain every year. This leads to further damage to the fragile ecosystem because of littering and overpopulation.
Conservation Status of Mt. Kilimanjaro
Kilimanjaro is part of Tanzania’s protected area system. The mountain’s national parks, the Kilimanjaro National Park and the Amboseli National Park, are both internationally recognized as World Heritage Sites by UNESCO. There is also a large area of forest and hills surrounding the mountain. All of these places form part of the overall conservation system for Kilimanjaro, ensuring that its natural wonders are maintained for future generations.
The Tanzanian government has also made several attempts to protect the mountain by introducing laws and regulations that protect the environment and maintain the integrity of Kilimanjaro’s fragile ecosystems. The government also works with local communities to ensure that the mountain’s precious resources remain intact.
Mt. Kilimanjaro is an awe-inspiring natural feature and one of the most impressive mountains on the planet. It is of immense scientific, ecological and cultural significance and its preservation is essential to the health and well-being of both humans and the environment.
Protection Measures on Mt. Kilimanjaro
Due to its great biodiversity and sensitive ecosystems, the Tanzanian government has taken several measures in order to protect the mountain and its surrounding areas. One measure is the implementation of a number of national parks that form part of the overall conservation system for the mountain. These parks protect the vegetation, wildlife and other natural resources of the region.
The government also works hand in hand with local communities in order to protect natural habitats and combat deforestation. In addition, there are strict regulations in place regarding the number of visitors allowed on the mountain every year in order to keep the fragile ecosystems intact.
Fines and prison sentences have also been implemented in order to deter illegal activities such as poaching and illegal logging. The Tanzanian government has also launched several educational initiatives in order to educate local communities on the importance of preserving the mountain.
Mt. Kilimanjaro is a beautiful and awe-inspiring mountain and it is essential that it is properly protected and conserved. It is of immense ecological importance, and its preservation is essential to the health and well-being of both humans and the environment. The Tanzanian government has taken steps to ensure its protection through implementing national parks, working with local communities and enforcing regulations.