What’s The Height Of Kilimanjaro

History of Kilimanjaro

Kilimanjaro, a colossal mountainous massif encircling the Tanzanian city of Moshi, has been drawing in trekkers for centuries. To locals and ancient travelers, the cloud-shrouded peak of Kilimanjaro was considered an impossible summit. Native Maasai legend passed down for generations gilded the mountain with mythic airs of an esteemed ‘Holy Mountain.’ The Maasai people named the mountain Kilima Njaro, which translates to ‘Mountain of Greatness.’

Size and Location

At 5,895 m (19,341 feet) tall, Kilimanjaro is Africa’s highest mountain – the highest freestanding mountain in the world, in fact. Located in northern Tanzania and part of the Kilimanjaro National Park, the triple volcanic cone is about 120 km from the equator. Kilimanjaro is made up of three distinct and unique parts – the mountain’s peaks, numerous glaciers, lush lower forest and a semi-arid high alpine desert.

Kilimanjaro – A Climb of Epic Proportions

Take a deep breath: reaching the summit of the mighty Kilimanjaro requires conquering over 6,000 feet of relentless vertical gain. But that’s not all! Expect steep, jagged trails and alpine environment challenges such as “thick air” and extreme temperatures. It’s not a mountain that turns first timers into experts – climbing Kilimanjaro requires planning, researching, and plenty of mental and physical preparation.

Kilimanjaro’s Height Variation

While the mountain remains relatively unchanged from centuries past, the original elevation of Kilimanjaro has been debated since the mid-1800s, when British explorers began to survey the mountain. Their measurements indicated an elevation of 5,963 m (19,542 ft), but subsequent experts later reduced the overall height of the mountain to 5,895 m (19,341 ft) – which is now accepted as the more accurate elevation of Kilimanjaro.

The Summit Experience

A few days of hard hiking and frigid temperatures is no small feat, but the breathtaking views and the experience of standing atop Africa’s highest peak is its own reward. Don’t forget to take in the otherworldly sights, the 360-degree views of the African continent, and the opportunity to soak in the achievement you’ve made – and be sure to take pictures!

Paths to Reach Kilimanjaro’s Summit

A number of routes exist to the summit of Kilimanjaro. Whether you’re an experienced climber or the route you wish to take is based more on your time and budget, each trail has its own unique character. Six routes are recognized as official trails – Lemosho, Machame, Marangu, Rongai, Shira, and Umbwe. Of these, the Machame Route is the most popular and highly recommended, with a beautiful mix of wetlands, forests and moorlands.

The Dangers of Climbing Kilimanjaro

Kilimanjaro is considered a technical climb, however, with no technical training or equipment necessary, trekkers make the ascent in rugged, but doable, conditions. But the extreme altitude presents some hazards. Though not mandatory, hiring a local guide with full training in high altitude sickness and acute mountain sickness is essential to a safe climb. It’s important to remember – the mountain will not adjust to your own schedule. You need to take the necessary time to acclimatize and let your body adjust as you climb.

The Necessary Gear for Your Kilimanjaro Adventure

Since Kilimanjaro is an alpine environment, the appropriate gear is necessary for staying warm and dry. And let’s not forget about protecting yourself from the sun – the great expanses of the mountain are quite exposed and sunscreen is important. Fundamental equipment includes things like water bottles, mittens, a bandana, hiking boots, layers of outerwear and more.

Kilimanjaro’s Environmental Challenges

Kilimanjaro’s natural environment has been facing numerous threats due to tourism and general human activity. High foot traffic causes erosion and lack of local regulation causes a large amount of waste to be left by tourists. However, with greater public awareness and more responsible tourist practices, Kilimanjaro’s environment and its flora and fauna can be preserved.

Environmental Conservation Effort in Kilimanjaro

The government of Tanzania created the Kilimanjaro National Park to preserve the environmental richness and increase access to the mountain. The Kilimanjaro par can generate income for local communities through tourism, while also helping protect and conserve the environment. Local organizations and conservation groups are also working towards preserving the environment, such as planting native trees, reducing water and energy consumption and disposing waste responsibly.

Health Benefits of trekking Kilimanjaro

Whether you merely admire it from afar or reach the summit, Kilimanjaro provides numerous health benefits. The hike itself works muscles in your entire body and provides an outstanding cardiovascular exercise. Venturing Kilimanjaro’s majestic landscape also reduces stress levels and gives an injection of Adrenaline, which heightens happiness and improves sleep. So don’t delay – the Call of Kilimanjaro is an irresistible opportunity to experience nature in all its glory.

Health Considerations for Climbing Kilimanjaro

With a gain of over 6,000 feet in elevation, trekkers should note that though challenging, summit attempts should not be taken lightly. Due to the risk of altitude sickness, proper hydration, nutrition and rest is essential, as is hiring a certified guide for their knowledge and their ability to recognize the warning signs of altitude sickness. The best way to ensure a safe climb is to ensure you are having a proper physical checkup and following pre-trip precautions.

What’s Next After Climbing Kilimanjaro?

Many trekkers find themselves hesitant to leave Kilimanjaro behind and continue to wander the continent – and many of them find that the best way to grapple with this feeling is to visit the surrounding national parks of Tanzania. Thankfully, Kilimanjaro National Park shares close borders with Arusha National Park, Tarangire National Park, Lake Manyara National Park, Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Olduvai Gorge and the Serengeti National Park.

Herman Shaw is a passionate traveler and avid photographer who has seen many of the world's most awe-inspiring monuments. He has developed expertise in various aspects of world architecture and culture which he enjoys sharing with his readers. With deep historical knowledge and insight, Herman's writing brings life to these remarkable artifacts and highlights their importance in the grand scheme of human history.

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