Introduction to Pompeii
Pompeii is an ancient city located in south Italy, about 9 miles south of Naples, which was destroyed in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD. Having been buried for 1700 years, it is best known for its incredibly preserved ruins, which have attracted visitors from all over the world since its discovery in 1748. Pompeii’s ruins offer visitors an unforgettable look into what life would have been like in a Roman city. The streets, houses, public baths, forums, and temples are laid out in an impressive grid pattern. There are monuments, artworks, tombs, and garden frescoes, as well as a number of fascinating historical sites. Here, visitors can get a glimpse into what life would have been like in Roman antiquity.
What not to miss in Pompeii
1. The Vesuvius – The main attraction in Pompeii is the ancient volcano, Mount Vesuvius, which caused the destruction of the city in 79 AD. Whether you visit from afar or take a guided tour of the area, a visit to the mighty volcano is an unforgettable experience.
2. The Forum – The Forum of Pompeii is the central part of the city and the commercial, religious, and political heart of ancient Pompeii. It is believed to have been built between the middle of the 6th century BC and the middle of the 4th century BC. Here, visitors can explore the ruins of temples, monuments, and public buildings, as well as sculptures, frescoes, and a number of other objects.
3. House of the Faun – House of the Faun, built by Marcus Nonius Balbus in the second century BC, is one of the most important and iconic buildings in Pompeii. Its atrium, with its polychrome marble floor and a large bronze sculpture of a dancing faun, is particularly renowned.
4. The Amphitheatre – The Amphitheatre of Pompeii, built around 70 BC, is the oldest theatre in the world. It is one of the most impressive monuments in Pompeii and the third largest in Italy after the Colosseum and Verona’s Arena. It is believed to have held approximately 20,000 people and was used for a variety of purposes, including gladiator fights, hunting displays, and plays.
5. The Theater – The Theater of Pompeii, built in the late 2nd century BC, was home to the local upper class. It featured two tiers and a flat wooden stage that could accommodate up to 5,000 people. The theater was built in a semi-circular shape with two halls at the back.
Unmissable spots in the museum of Pompeii
1. The Farnese Collection – The Museum of Pompeii houses the world-famous Farnese Collection, which includes statues and reliefs from the baths of Caracalla, the Temple of Isis, and many other places. One of the most impressive pieces is the Farnese Bull, a Hellenistic sculpture of a raging bull and a shepherd.
2. The Frescoes – The museum also houses some of the most famous frescoes from Pompeii and the surrounding area. One of the most notable of these is the Garden of the Fugitives, which was discovered in the ruins of a villa and depicts the last moments of people caught in the destruction of Mount Vesuvius.
3. The Mosaic Floor – The Mosaic Floor of the Casa del Fauno is another beloved highlight of the Museum. This colorful floor depicts a battle between a human mounted on an elephant and a centaur. It is made entirely of tiny ceramic pieces and is believed to be one of the most impressive mosaics in the world.
4. The Mummies – The museum houses a number of mummies, which were discovered in the Pompeii ruins. They are believed to be the last remaining people of Pompeii and offer an interesting glimpse into the life and death of the people of the city.
Unforgettable experiences in Pompeii
1. Hotels and Restaurants – Visitors to Pompeii can experience the best of Italian hospitality with a stay in one of the city’s many hotels and restaurants. Whether you’re looking for authentic Italian cuisine or luxury accommodations, Pompeii has something to offer for all tastes.
2. Sports and Leisure – Pompeii is the perfect destination for sports lovers. The city is home to a number of sports fields, tennis courts, and an impressive cycling path that snakes through the ancient city.
3. Guided Tours – There are plenty of guided tours available in Pompeii that offer a closer look at the ruins and a chance to see the city with a knowledgeable guide. The most popular guided tour is the tour of the ruins of the Forum, where visitors can learn about the history of the city and explore the fascinating remains.
4. Shopping – Shopping in Pompeii is an experience like no other. A variety of small shops and markets offer a great selection at affordable prices, ranging from souvenirs to local delicacies.
What to eat in Pompeii
1. Pizza – The original Neapolitan pizza is said to have originated in Pompeii, so naturally, a visit to the city is not complete without trying a slice. Look for classic pizzerias and take your pick from the array of delicious options that the city has to offer.
2. Seafood – Being located on the stunning coast of the Bay of Naples, Pompeii is the perfect place to enjoy fresh and delicious seafood. Look out for mussels, clams, and octopus, all of which are staples in Pompeii’s seafood cuisine.
3. Pasta – If you’re in the mood for a comforting Italian dish, look no further than the delicious pasta dishes in Pompeii. The city offers a variety of classic Italian dishes, from Carbonara to the ever-popular Lasagna.
4. Desserts – Finally, no visit to Pompeii is complete without some delicious desserts. A particularly popular dessert is the Zeppole, which are deep-fried dough balls filled with custard and chocolate.
Shopping in Pompeii
1. Crafts and Souvenirs – Pompeii is home to a number of craft and souvenir shops, offering a great selection of handmade items and mementos to take home. From hand-painted ceramics to jewelry made from local materials, visitors can find unique and authentic items to help remember their visit to the ancient city.
2. Local Products – Shopping in Pompeii offers a great chance to try some of the local delicacies. Look out for tomatoes, olives, cheeses, and wines, all of which are produced locally and make wonderful souvenirs and gifts.
3. Antiquities – Pompeii also has a number of antique shops offering a range of interesting items. Look out for jewelry, pottery, and sculptures, all of which provide a unique insight into the city’s history.
4. Art Galleries – For a more contemporary approach, visitors can check out the city’s art galleries and get a taste of modern Italy. Here, you can find artwork created by local and international artists alike, for a truly unique experience.
Places to visit around Pompeii
1. Naples – A trip to Pompeii wouldn’t be complete without a short trip to nearby Naples. Here, you can discover the city’s world-famous museums, shops, and restaurants, as well as its vibrant nightlife.
2. Herculaneum – A visit to the ruins of Herculaneum, which was also destroyed in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius, is a must. Here, visitors can explore the ruins of temples, monuments, and public buildings, as well as spectacular frescoes and sculptures.
3. Sorrento – The stunning coastal town of Sorrento is just a short drive away from Pompeii and offers a great chance to explore the Amalfi Coast. Here, visitors can enjoy the crystal-clear waters and stunning cliffs, as well as some of the best seafood Italy has to offer.
4. Capri -Finally, make sure to take a day trip to the beautiful island of Capri. Here, visitors can enjoy delicious food, luxurious boutiques, and some of Italy’s most breathtaking views.