What Is The Elevation Of Mount Kilimanjaro

1. What is mountain Kilimanjaro?

Mountain Kilimanjaro is Africa’s highest peak and one of the world’s most iconic natural landmarks. Located in northern Tanzania, it sits overlooking East Africa’s Great Rift Valley and offers one of the most unique landscapes in the world. At 5985 metres (19,341 feet) above sea level, it is also the highest mountain in Africa and the highest free-standing mountain in the world.

2. Geology of Kilimanjaro

Kilimanjaro is an ancient volcano that was formed by layers of volcanic debris that were deposited over a period of millions of years. The volcanic material consists of two distinct cones – Kibo and Mawenzi – that sit atop three dormant craters, which are known as Shira, Mawenzi and Kibo. The cone of Kibo is the highest peak on Kilimanjaro, and is marked by a depression known as the ‘Great Barranco’.

3. The Elevation of Kilimanjaro

The elevation of Kilimanjaro is 5985 metres (19,341 feet). It is the highest mountain in Africa and the highest free-standing mountain in the world, standing twice as tall as Mount Elbrus (the second highest mountain in Europe). Kilimanjaro is so high up, that depending on where you stand, it can be seen from over 100 kilometres (60 miles) away!

4. Climbing Kilimanjaro

The climb to the summit of Kilimanjaro is a far from easy endeavour and requires a high level of physical fitness as well as mental determination. The terrain is unkind, with climbers having to trek through humid rainforest, across shifting scree slopes, and up loose and treacherous snow-covered passes.
The summit of Kilimanjaro is home to one of the few glaciers in the world that are in a state of continuous retreat, due to increasing temperatures. Despite this, the journey to the top of the volcano is extremely rewarding and provides climbers with stunning views of the African landscape, including vast savannah, the Kenya coast and jagged mountain ranges.

5. Reasons People Climb Kilimanjaro

Climbing Kilimanjaro is a bucket list item for many people, as it offers adventurers a chance to experience the world from one of the most unique vantage points. Many travellers make the climb as a way to push their physical and mental boundaries and to challenge themselves to reach a goal that may have seemed impossible in the past.
The climb also offers travellers a unique opportunity to experience some of the world’s most unique wildlife and flora that can be found in the remote mountain ranges of East Africa. Furthermore, exploring the local communities and villages on the way to the summit provide climbers the chance to gain some insight into the culture and lifestyle of local inhabitants.

6. Risk of Climbing Kilimanjaro

The climb to the summit poses numerous risks, particularly at higher elevations. High altitude sickness is a major issue, as the body is not accustomed to functioning in the lower levels of oxygen. Prolonged exposure to the elements can cause serious illness, swelling and fatigue.
In addition, strong winds and cold temperatures can make the climb very difficult even for experienced climbers. As a result, it is important to bring the necessary clothing and supplies to stay warm and well hydrated, even in the unlikely event of an emergency.

7. Preservation of Kilimanjaro

With its fragile terrain and unique wildlife, preserving the beauty of Kilimanjaro is an imperative concern for many conservationists and environmental experts. Unregulated tourism, improper waste disposal, and unchecked development can take a terrible toll on the environment and the peak’s landscape.
For this reason, local non-governmental organisations have been created with the express purpose of protecting the mountain and its resources. Kilimanjaro Eco-Network is one of the largest such organisations, promoting the sustainable management of water, forests and natural resources to ensure the continued preservation of the mountain.

8. The Significance of Kilimanjaro

Kilimanjaro has been an important symbol of triumph, endurance, and exploration throughout its history. One of the most impressive features of the mountain is the abundance of wildlife species that reside on its flanks and peaks. These species include rare birds, large mammals, and unique plants, along with beautiful landscapes and incredible views.
Kilimanjaro has inspired many adventurers to challenge themselves and experience a unique adventure. Its beauty and its challenges have been celebrated through songs, stories and books, turning its legend into a part of African culture and identity.

9. The Climate of Kilimanjaro

Kilimanjaro experiences a range of climates, from tropical temperatures at the lower altitudes to arctic conditions at the summit. The mountain’s distinct zones, which include rainforest, moorland, heath and alpine desert, are all home to unique biodiversity and support a complex network of life.
The higher altitudes are generally colder, with temperatures well below freezing at the summit. The lower altitudes are generally warm, with temperatures occasionally reaching up to 30°C (86°F) during the day.

10. Conclusion

Kilimanjaro is an awe-inspiring scientific and historic phenomenon, offering climbers the unique opportunity to experience the extremes of the East African landscape and to challenge themselves to reach the summit of the highest mountain in Africa. But, it is important to take all safety precautions, to be aware of the risks posed by the environment, and to practice responsible climbing and tourism.

Herman Shaw is a passionate traveler and avid photographer who has seen many of the world's most awe-inspiring monuments. He has developed expertise in various aspects of world architecture and culture which he enjoys sharing with his readers. With deep historical knowledge and insight, Herman's writing brings life to these remarkable artifacts and highlights their importance in the grand scheme of human history.

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