How Cold Is Kilimanjaro


Kilimanjaro is a dormant volcano located in Tanzania, in East Africa, at the very southern edge of the Great Rift Valley. It’s the highest mountain on the African continent, at an elevation of 5,895 meters, making it a popular climb for those looking for an adventure, and a challenge.


The temperature on Kilimanjaro varies, depending on the elevation. Generally, the higher the elevation, the colder the air. The temperature at the base of the mountain is usually mild—20-25 degrees Celsius—with warm, humid days and cooler nights. As you climb higher, however, the air becomes cooler and drier, and the temperature drops noticeably.
The summit of Kilimanjaro, Uhuru Peak, is a surprisingly cold and hostile environment. Temperatures rarely rise above -6°C. However, it’s the windchill at the summit that can make it feel much colder. Wind speeds of 25 to 40 miles per hour are common, and on winter nights the temperature can drop to as low as -30°C.

Factors Affecting Temperature

In addition to elevation, there are other factors that can affect the temperatures at different parts of the mountain. For example, the west side of Kilimanjaro is typically colder than the east side due to its proximity to the Great Rift Valley. The amount of rainfall the mountain receives can also impact the temperatures—the rainy seasons generally bring the coldest temperatures.

Equipment and Clothes

When climbing Kilimanjaro, it’s important to dress in multiple layers to help keep you warm. Moisture-wicking clothes, like wool and synthetic materials, are recommended as they help move moisture away from your skin. Insulated jackets and pants are also a good idea, as well as hats, gloves, and warm socks to keep your extremities warm.
It’s also important to have the right equipment with you. A sleeping bag rated for 0°C, a 4-season tent, and a backpacking stove are all crucial for staying warm enough to sleep and cook. A backpack rain cover is also recommended in case of wet or snowy conditions.

Why Climb Kilimanjaro

Despite the cold temperatures that are experienced on Kilimanjaro, the mountain is still one of the most popular climbs in the world. The stunning views, unique landscape, and sense of accomplishment are unmatched. The experience draws people from all over the world, making it an incredibly unique and rewarding experience.


It’s important to be prepared for the cold temperatures on Kilimanjaro. Knowing what to expect, and what to pack, can mean the difference between success and failure. Make sure to do research before embarking on your journey, and to plan for all possible weather conditions.

Stay Active and Energetic

Climbing a mountain is a physical and mental challenge. In order to make it to the summit, you will need to stay active and energetic. Keeping your core temperature warm is key to staying healthy and energized. Avoid overexertion, which can cause your body to cool too quickly, and make sure to eat enough calories to keep your energy up.

Stay Hydrated

Staying well-hydrated is also important for any mountain climber. Drinking water regularly can help to keep your body warm and prevent hypothermia. However, be aware that at high altitudes, you may need to drink more water than usual, as the dry air can cause your body to dehydrate quicker.

Decompression Day

Finally, it’s important to have a decompression day after your climb, which is a day spent at a lower elevation for your body to adjust. This is especially important for those who may be feeling the effects of altitude sickness, as going back down too soon could be dangerous.

Be Aware of the Cold

When climbing Kilimanjaro, it’s important to be aware of the cold temperatures and take the necessary steps to keep your body warm and safe. Having the right gear and knowing how to best prepare yourself for the environment can make all the difference in enjoying the experience and achieving success.

Certifications and Training

Climbing Kilimanjaro is a major undertaking, and so it’s wise to get the proper certifications and training before attempting the climb. Many mountain guides offer courses on safety and technique, as well as more comprehensive guides that include physiology and physiology-based training.

Guides and Support

At higher elevations, you may need supplemental oxygen, and assistance from nearby guides. Local experts will have invaluable knowledge about the area and the climb, and can make sure you stay safe and warm throughout the journey.


Acclimatization is key to a successful and safe Kilimanjaro climb. It’s recommended to rest every 500 meters of elevation gain and trek at a slow and steady pace. Spending several days on the mountain will help your body to adjust, and allow you to build a healthy degree of fitness before attempting the summit.

Altitude Sickness Prevention

Altitude sickness is one of the major risks associated with climbing Kilimanjaro. It’s important to monitor your body’s reaction to the altitude and look out for signs of exhaustion or dizziness. Taking altitude sickness pills, as prescribed by your doctor, can also help with acclimatization.

Proper Eating and Drinking

Nutrition and hydration are also important for climbing Kilimanjaro. Eating balanced meals that are rich in proteins and carbohydrates can help to fuel your body, and drinking plenty of fluids can help to prevent dehydration.

Physical Fitness

Finally, physical fitness is essential for a successful Kilimanjaro climb. Proper training and conditioning can help to prepare your body for the physical challenge of the climb, and can go a long way towards preventing injuries and fatigue.

Herman Shaw is a passionate traveler and avid photographer who has seen many of the world's most awe-inspiring monuments. He has developed expertise in various aspects of world architecture and culture which he enjoys sharing with his readers. With deep historical knowledge and insight, Herman's writing brings life to these remarkable artifacts and highlights their importance in the grand scheme of human history.

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